The FBI enlisted a man named William O'Neal to infiltrate and sabotage the Black Panthers Party. He should be remembered and his example should be followed by all progressive and revolutionary people. The second half of the film draws on the techniques of investigative journalism to help uncover exactly what happened that December morning in 1969: Hampton’s death was not only a murder, it was premeditated. Activists considered the killing of Hampton to be an assassination. Fred Hampton, the chairman of the Illinois Black Panthers, who in 1969 was murdered in his sleep by ... [+] Chicago police. From the 1950s until the 1970s, the FBI’s Counterintelligence Program (COINTELPRO) targeted leaders of activist organizations like Fred Hampton. The program served to undermine, infiltrate, and spread misinformation (often through extrajudicial means) about political groups and the activists who belonged to them. He helped to grow the council's membership to more than 500 members. As a teen, Hampton became involved in civil rights by leading a local NAACP youth council. Fred Hampton was born on August 30, 1948 in Summit, Illinois. One research source must be cited in the essay to support our opinion but the source should not be from the movie itself. Hampton’s death became the first truly high-profile case of police brutality in American history, not because it was the first to occur, but because new, lightweight, handheld cameras enabled filmmakers to expose the lies behind the Chicago Police Department’s official narrative. Activists and the broader black community considered the deaths of these men unjust, and their families ultimately received a settlement stemming from a civil lawsuit. However, when a Department of Justice investigation revealed that Chicago Police had fired up to 99 shots, and the Panthers had only fired once, the charges were dropped. Soon after his death, the BPP filmed an investigation of his apartment, which police did not close off.
Had the Chicago Police not killed Fred Hampton, he would have been named chief of staff of the Black Panther Party's central committee, making him a key spokesman for the group. His parents, Francis Allen Hampton and Iberia Hampton, were Louisiana natives who relocated to Chicago.
A skilled speaker and organizer, Hampton quickly moved through the ranks of the BPP. The group Rage Against the Machine famously mentions the activist in its 1996 hit “Down Rodeo,” in which frontman Zack de la Rocha declares, “They ain’t gonna send us campin’ like they did my man Fred Hampton.”. An estimated 5,000 mourners turned up to Hampton’s funeral, during which the activist was remembered by civil rights leaders such the Rev. Only 21 at the time, Hampton had already been named the chairman of the Illinois Black Panthers and deputy chairman of the national party. He also played a direct role in his killing.
But when the filmmakers Howard Alk and Mike Gray gained access to Hampton’s apartment, on the 2300 block of West Monroe Street, they found no evidence of gunshots from the room where Hampton was sleeping. Early in the morning of December 4th, 1969, Chicago police raided the home of a man named Fred Hampton and fatally shot him while he slept beside his girlfriend, Deborah, who was then nine months pregnant with their son. On December 3, 1969, O’Neal secretly drugged Hampton by putting a sleeping pill into his drink. Johnson, who was expecting a child with Hampton, was not killed. Sowing discord in the community wasn’t the only way O’Neal attempt to undermine Hampton. When an officer realized that Hampton hadn’t been killed, he proceeded to shoot the activist twice in the head. Alk and Gray’s 1971 film, The Murder of Fred Hampton, changed that. O'Neal, who had been previously arrested for car theft and impersonating a federal officer, agreed to the task because the federal agency promised to drop the felony charges against him. You may opt-out by.
I have covered contemporary art and film since the late 1990s, and have taught journalism and film courses at the. Please type a brief essay of (300 - 500) words describing your passion for the legacy of Fred Hampton through scholarship, community activism and organizational leadership.
Please describe your intended use for the $1,000 scholarship award fund. However, he also excelled in the classroom. 2). As the murder of George Floyd in Minneapolis proves, we still have a long way to go before we attain anything close to justice in this country. His parents, Francis Allen Hampton and Iberia Hampton, were Louisiana natives who relocated to Chicago. We knew we couldn’t make it illegal to be either against the war or black, but by getting the public to associate the hippies with marijuana and blacks with heroin, and then criminalizing both heavily, we could disrupt those communities.
I am a Brooklyn-based writer, editor, and professor. Opinions expressed by Forbes Contributors are their own. That case was thrown out, but a new case took place in 1979 after officials concluded that the law enforcement agencies involved had obstructed justice and refused to hand over relevant paperwork related to the killings. The 90-minute film begins with footage of Hampton when he was alive, speaking to crowds, articulating the Black Panthers’ mission, and establishing the terms of the fight against injustice. He became the leader of Chicago’s BPP branch, then the chairmain of the Illinois BPP, and finally the deputy chair of the national BPP. Watch: The Assassination of Fred Hampton: How the FBI and Chicago Police Murdered a Black Panther, M.A., English and Comparative Literary Studies, Occidental College, B.A., English, Comparative Literature, and American Studies, Occidental College. The film is worth watching for those speeches alone.
“The key is to devise a system that recognizes that while not appearing to.”. They mortally wounded Mark Clark, who was guarding Hampton. Hampton, like other political activists, seemed keenly aware that his work would put his life in jeopardy. Chicago police remove the body of Fred Hampton, leader of the Illinois Black Panther Party, who was slain in a gun battle with police on Chicago’s West Side on Dec. 4, 1969.
reporter at the scene reiterated the same version of events: After describing Hampton’s home as nothing but an arsenal of weapons, the reporter quoted a sergeant in the raid saying it was “15 minutes of hell, and a miracle. In the city of Chicago, December 4 is “Fred Hampton Day.” A public pool in Maywood, Illinois, where Hampton grew up, bears his name. In 1994, another of Nixon’s co-conspirators in the Watergate scandal named John Erlichman affirmed Nixon’s racist agenda to the journalist Dan Baum. © 2020 Forbes Media LLC.
The footage captured is seen in the 1971 documentary “The Murder of Fred Hampton.”. And we can start by listening to Fred Hampton. If your intended use is for educational purposes, feel free to describe any specific circumstances that may be relevant.
As Hampton’s influence in the Black Panthers grew, the FBI began to focus on his activities, opening a file on him in 1967. Nadra Kareem Nittle is a journalist with bylines in The Atlantic, Vox, and The New York Times. Hampton was the Deputy Chairman from the Illinois branch of the Black Panther Party. But we can work toward it, every day. The other seven Black Panthers present in the apartment were charged with several serious crimes, including attempted murder, armed violence, and multiple weapons charges. Obviously there were no smart phones in 1969, and police brutality went unchecked virtually without exception. At age 21, Hampton was fatally shot alongside a fellow activist during a law enforcement raid. COINTELPRO targeted civil rights leaders such as the Rev.
More than 50 years later, Hampton’s words could not be more resonant. A bust of Hampton sits outside the Fred Hampton Family Aquatic Center. Of course we did.”, Pause. Read those last three sentences again: “We could arrest their leaders, raid their homes, break up their meetings, and vilify them night after night on the evening news. Courthouse October 29, 1969, Dr. Benjamin Spock, background, listens to Fred Hampton, chairman of the Illinois Black Panther party. A T.V. He also worked with white-dominated groups like Students for a Democratic Society and the Weather Underground. Following FBI director J. Edgar Hoover’s orders, O’Neal undid much of Hampton’s work to foster peace in the community, leading community members to lose confidence in the BPP.
Martin Luther King Jr. as well as radical groups like the Black Panther Party, the American Indian Movement, and the Young Lords.
Three years later, the families of Hampton and Clark learned that they would receive a $1.85 million settlement from the local and federal agencies responsible for the men’s deaths.
At a house dinner the night before, he was drugged by an FBI informant who had infiltrated the Illinois chapter of the Black Panthers, to ensure that Hampton would not wake up during the raid. Did we know we were lying about the drugs? badoq 01.11.2020 Leave a comment on Assassination of Fred Hampton How the FBI and the Chicago Police Murdered a Black Panther. Hampton never got that opportunity, but he has not been forgotten. Although activists Roy Wilkins and Ramsey Clark characterized Hampton’s killing as unjustified, none of the officers or officials involved in the raid were convicted of wrongdoing. The group also advocated for self-defense rather than nonviolence and took a global perspective on the black freedom struggle, finding inspiration in Maoism. Additionally, you will be evaluated on your ability to link your involvement to the historical legacy of Fred Hampton. The writing is based on the movie "Mississippi Burning" by Alan Parker(1988). All Rights Reserved, This is a BETA experience. Who Was Fred Hampton, the Black Panther Shot and Killed by Chicago Police 48 Years Ago? Otherwise, use the space below.). You understand what I’m saying? I am a Brooklyn-based writer, editor, and professor. He was an extraordinary public speaker, with a prodigious understanding of the forces that oppress black Americans, and was committed to cooperating with other groups to bring about systemic social change. (AP Photo) H oover had wanted 1969 to be the year he eradicated BPP, but he wasn’t successful. Obviously there were no smart phones in 1969, and police brutality went unchecked virtually without exception. Fred Hampton (August 30, 1948–December 4, 1969) was an activist for the NAACP and the Black Panther Party. Did we know we were lying about the drugs?